When stocking your DIY fish farm ponds, species is important. There are a few to select from, although one is easier than the others. Which you select will depend on the climate and your desire.
Once the h2o in your fish pond is stocked with vegetation and food, it’s time to consider the fish. What breed fish your DIY fish farm will raise depends on a plethera of things. The dimensions of your pond, intentions for the fish and your experience will all determine what you raise.
Typical species grown by fish farms include salmon, catfish, tilapia, cod, carp and trout. At any rate several other fish can be raised as stock, the trout is the finest fish for a beginner to start up with. It’s among the strongest of the fish raised on a fish farm and they’ve got an excellent resale value.
Salmon, though a great market fish, is a larger undertaking for a beginner. The initial breeding of this kind of fish is nearly equal trout. However, these fish need some time living in the ocean. This means they may need additional facilities to get them there, depending on the location of the fish farm.
In addition to the species of fish you want to primarily raise on your fish farm, consider some secondary species. One fish to consider is perch. The fry make an excellent food source for other fish, especially trout and offer a bit of variety to your pond. Keep in mind that perch are very prolific breeders and should be kept under control.
Once you’ve decided on what types of fish to include in your fish farm, it’s time to get some ova. There are a couple of ways that you can do this; collecting and and fertilizing the ova or buying pre-fertilized eggs.
Wild fish eggs can be collected and then fertilized by the aquaculturist. The ova from a female fish are taken out and mixed with the milt of the males. This process requires that the fish farmer have a good knowledge of his fish. Knowing when to harvest the eggs is critical or they won’t be fertilized.
Pre-fertilized, or eyed, ova are the easier, and more dependable way, especially for the beginner. Many fish farmers begin with ova that are already fertilized. These can be bought quite easily and arrive when they are nearly ready to hatch, avoiding the harvesting, fertilization and protecting of the ova.
Choose the species of fish you raise on your DIY fish farm carefully. Keep in mind that climate, location and the size of your fish farm will greatly determine what you raise.
Also keep in mind that variety in your ponds is essential to a healthy fish population. Be careful about what you introduce. Don’t over-stock your pond with any one kind of fish for the best balance.
In the next DIY fish farming article in this series, you’ll discover the fundamentals of setting up rearing ponds, boxes and hatching trays. If you build and install these the right way, you’ll have better success.